CPS Unit Number 140-01

CPS Unit Number 140-01

Camp: 140

Unit ID: 1

Operating agency: AFSC

Opened: 2 1945

Closed: 10 1946


CPS Unit No. 140, subunit 1, located at Holly Inn in Pinehurst, North Carolina, subjected CPS men to experiments on atypical pneumonia.


Dr. Major Theo. J. Abernathy and Dr. John Dingle directed this OSG project on atypical pneumonia, which had the capacity to utilize up to one hundred and eighty-nine volunteers.  There is evidence that this unit had its origins in one of the 115 CPS Units, likely CPS Unit No. 115, subunit 33.  It operated from July through September in 1945, and was administered at Pinehurst, North Carolina, and possibly, at Gatlinburg, Tennessee earlier. 


It may have been, as part of this subunit, that experiments were conducted placing men in isolation at Holly Inn, in Pinehurst, where they contracted atypical pneumonia by inhaling or drinking throat washings taken from soldiers with colds or pneumonia.  The experiment established that both colds and atypical pneumonia were viral in nature. (Keim p. 76)


Men published The Pig’s Pen during 1945 at Pinehurst.  One issue from Vol. 1 (June 1945) and six from Vol. 2 (July-August 1945) can be found in the Swarthmore College Peace Collection.  According to the newsletter, the atypical pneumonia experiments were sponsored by Yale University, and took place at Pinehurst, North Carolina.

Pinehurst, North Carolina, United States