CPS Unit Number 115-33

CPS Unit Number 115-33

Camp: 115

Unit ID: 33

Operating agency: OSRD

Opened: 10 1943

Closed: 10 1946


CPS Unit No. 115, subunit 33, located at Pinehurst, North Carolina, subjected CPS men to experiments studying atypical pneumonia.


Major Theo. J. Abernathy directed this OSRD project studying atypical pneumonia during 1944 and 1945(?).  The first experiment took place at CPS Camp No. 108 at Gatlinburg, Tennessee, where over one hundred men participated, one to fifty at a time.  A second experiment occurred sometime later at CPS Camp No. 44 in Luray, Virginia. 


At Holly Inn in Pinehurst, North Carolina, in two experiments with men in isolation, some men caught the disease by inhaling or drinking throat washings taken from soldiers with pneumonia.  The experiments helped researchers conclude that a virus caused atypical pneumonia. (Keim p. 76) See also CPS Unit No. 140, subunit 1.

Pinehurst, North Carolina, United States

The Daily Grunt began in June 1944, published by men in the Yale University atypical pneumonia experiments at Pinehurst, North Carolina.


They also published The Weekly Grunt began in July 1944 and it continued at least through September. 


Pinehurst Communique began in June 1944 and six issues can be found in the Swarthmore College Peace Collection.